A stroke occurs when brain cells die due to disruption of blood flow to the brain. Crouse Medical Practice's experienced team of stroke treatment specialists near Syracuse, NY and the surrounding areas provide the best available care for patients who have suffered a stroke.
Types of Stroke
There are two types of stroke:
An ischemic stroke occurs as a result of a blockage within a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain. This is the more common form of stroke. The underlying condition that is the cause of most ischemic strokes is called atherosclerosis, or fatty deposits in vessel walls. These fatty deposits are deemed responsible for the blockage or clot that causes the ischemic stroke.
A hemmorrhagic stroke occurs as a result of a weakened vessel that ruptures into the surrounding brain. There are two types of weakened vessels that cause this type of stroke:
- Aneurysm: Ballooning of a weakened region of a blood vessel.
- Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM): Cluster of abnormal blood vessels. It can also be caused when small vessels rupture due to uncontrolled high blood pressure.
Also referred to as “TIA” or “mini stroke." These attacks are caused by clots – the difference is that the blockage is transient or temporary. Symptoms of TIA’s will appear rapidly and usually last less than 5 minutes and cause no permanent damage. TIA’s should serve as a warning, and warrant immediate medical attention. These are often a precursor to stroke and about ¼ of stroke patients experience this warning of impending serious stroke. TIAs should be treated urgently in order to prevent future stroke.
- Tissue Plasminogen Activator (tPA): This is the gold standard of treatment for ischemic strokes. The medication is given intravenously and works by dissolving the blood clot and improving blood flow to the affected area of the brain. tPA must be administered within 3-4 hours (up to 4.5 hours in select cases) of the initial stroke symptoms; thus why it is so important to identify stroke symptoms as soon as possible and immediately seek medical treatment.
- Endovascular Procedure: Specially trained surgeons remove the blood clot by sending a catheter directly to the site of the blocked vessel and restore blood flow to the affected area.
- Endovascular Procedures: Specially trained surgeons use procedures to reduce the risk that the weakened blood vessel will rupture and cause more bleeding
- Surgical treatment: To stop bleeding and relieve pressure inside the skull
Tia or Stroke Symptoms
Stroke symptoms are important to remember. If you or a loved one experience any one of the following symptoms it is important to dial 911 immediately and get to a hospital.
There is a common acronym to help remember the most common signs and symptoms of stroke:
- F - Face drooping
- A - Arm weakness
- S - Speech difficulty
- T - Time to call 911
- Numbness, weakness or tingling of the face, arm or leg, usually on only one side
- Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
- Vision loss in one or both eyes
- Sudden severe headache with no apparent cause
- Trouble walking, dizziness, or loss of balance and coordination
Approximately 80% of all strokes are preventable. Management of key risk factors can prevent stroke. These risk factors include:
- Hypertension or uncontrolled blood pressure
- Cigarette smoking
- High cholesterol
- Atrial fibrillation
- Sedentary Lifestyle
If you or a loved one experience any stroke symptoms, it's critical that you call 911 and go to a hospital.
Follow up stroke treatment is also especially important. Crouse Medical Practice stroke treatment specialists are experienced in helping patients achieve the best possible recovery after a stroke.
To schedule an appointment with a Crouse Medical Practice stroke treatment specialist...